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Vendredi 12 Janvier 2018 / FPEIRESC

publié le , mis à jour le

Vendredi 12 Janvier 2018 / FPEIRESC

Séminaire Fédération

Anomalous transport of water in nanotubes

Orateur : Lyderic Bocquet
LPS, ENS Paris

Résumé : Nanofluidics is the frontier where the continuum picture of fluid mechanics confronts the atomic nature of matter. Recent experiments reported exceptional transport properties of water when confined in carbon nanopores. This has stimulated interest in carbon-based membranes for desalination, nano-filtration, and energy harvesting. But these works also raised fundamental questions on the specificity of the water-carbon interface, its structure, reactivity and dynamics. We tackled these questions by exploring the transport across individual nanotubes, which allow to adress systematically the fundamental hydrodynamic properties at the nanoscales. To this end, we have developed new methods based on the manipulation of nano-scale building blocks which allow to fabricate original fluidic and mechanical systems involving single nanotubes

I will first discuss experiments of ionic transport across carbon and boron-nitride nanotubes, which exhibit contrasting responses for these twin materials with the same crystallography but different electronic properties. More recently we explored water friction at the nanotube interface, thanks to Landau-Squire nanojets experiments. Our experiments reveal diameter-dependent surface slippage in carbon nanotubes, with giant flow enhancements in the smallest carbon nanotubes. In contrast, their boron-nitride analogues, which have the same crystalinity as CNT, exhibit no slippage. These drastic differences in permeability point to a hitherto not appreciated link between hydrodynamic flow and the electronic structure of the confining material.

Finally I will discuss non-linear transport across such nanochanels and how these properties can be harnessed to fabricate "ionic machines" on the basis of active nanofluidic transport. This opens new avenues to develop dynamical selectivity, ionic pumps for uphill transport, etc. The implication for water filtration, desalination and energy will be discussed.

References

« Giant osmotic energy conversion measured in a single transmembrane boron-nitride nanotube », A. Siria, P. Poncharal, A.-L. Biance, R. Fulcrand, X. Blase, S. Purcell, and L. Bocquet, Nature 494 455-458 (2013)

« Scaling behavior for ionic transport and its fluctuations in individual carbon nanotubes », E. Secchi, A. Niguès, L. Jubin, A. Siria, L. Bocquet, Phys. Rev. Lett. 116 154501 (2016).

« Massive radius-dependent flow slippage in single carbon nanotubes », E. Secchi, S. Marbach, A. Niguès, D. Stein, A. Siria and L. Bocquet, Nature 537 210 (2016)

Date et Lieu : le vendredi 12 janvier 2018, 11h à l’IUSTI.


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