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Accueil du site > Évènements > Séminaires > Séminaires IRPHE > Archives IRPHE > 2023

Jeudi 16 Fevrier 2023 / IRPHE

publié le

Séminaire exceptionnel IRPHE

On the nature of the glass transition

Orateur : Matthieu Wyart / Institute of Physics, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne

Abstract : Under cooling, a supercooled liquid undergoes a glass transition and stops flowing. Physicists do not agree on the microscopic reasons that make a glass solid. Some view this phenomenon as being collective in nature : it may be a signature of a thermodynamic phase transition, or being caused by kinetic constraints (where particles seek to solve a sort of Chinese puzzle). Others view it as simply reflecting elementary barriers for rearrangements, controlled by the elasticity of the material. Here I will focus on polydisperse numerical glasses, which are receiving a considerable attention, because they can be equilibrated as efficiently as experimental molecular liquids. I will Introduce a novel algorithm to systematically extract elementary rearrangements in a broad energy range. It allows to make, for the first time, a quantitative prediction on the relaxation time, assuming that relaxation is not collective in nature. The comparison with observation is very good. I will explain why, in such a scenario, dynamical correlations emerge even if they have little effects on the dynamics. I will discuss the nature of elementary rearrangements under cooling, and how these aspects relate to mean field description of glasses.

Date et lieu  : le jeudi 16 février 2023 à 14h, salle de séminaires IRPHE

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